The great architect John Nash first imagined Trafalgar Square as we know it today. In 1812 the King�s architect hoped that the area would be cleared of the Royal Mews and �filthy and disreputable abodes�. By the 1820s Nash had refined his plan to connect the square by a straight road to the British Museum as well as Regent Street, he died before his proposals were realised to a design by Sir Charles Barry. Later Nash�s imaginative proposal to house the Royal Academy in the middle of the site also failed to materialise.

Other alternative schemes for the site include Colonel Trench�s pyramid designed by Philip and Matthew Cotes Wyatt (1815), John Goldicutt�s design for a Roman Coliseum (1832), and the design to improve Charing Cross and the Strand by linking them with a circular space dedicated to King William (1832).


Design for Roman Coliseum, John Goldicutt, 1832 RIBA Drawings Collection
Proposal to house Royal Academy by John Nash, 1828 Guildhall Library
Plan of Charing Cross and Strand Improvements, 1832 Westminster City Archive

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